Outdoor Arts. What is it?

Outdoor Arts is work that is created mainly for outdoor spaces: streets, town squares, parks, beaches and rural landscapes.


Outdoor Arts. What is it?


Outdoor Arts (also known as Street Theatre, Street Performance and Street Arts in Europe) is work that is created mainly for outdoor spaces ~ streets, town squares, parks,  beaches and rural landscapes.  It also includes work in the urban landscape such as in shopping centres, in disused buildings and on the outdoor surfaces of buildings as well as work that takes place under canvas – such as a circus tent.

Street performances can be intimate or monumental, strolling or static.  Performances play with words, images, movement, sound and light.  Sometimes they tell stories, sometimes they share amazing physical skills,  sometimes they try to unexpectedly disrupt the everydayness of public space, sometimes they offer playful worlds of wonder.  Sometimes they do all of these things.

Just as there are many spaces in which Outdoor Arts productions can be presented, there are many different ways of presenting the show.  The chosen format for a production impacts the way an artist approaches the work to achieve the desired audience response. Here are some examples of types of outdoor arts work.

Busking and Hatting

Outdoor Arts. What is it?

Camilo Acosta Mendoza Slovenia photo by Luka Dakskobler.

Buskers choose a public space to perform their show unannounced and not part of an existing event. Performers earn money by asking the audience to pay what they feel in cash, or cashless via a mobile app.

A licence is required from the local authority/landowner to busk in any town or public space. Email Bradford Council Licencing at licensing@bradford.gov.uk

For more information visit the Busking Project.

For more information from buskers in Europe see this app.

Site Specific and Promenade

The Storytelling Bus by IOU Theatre UK 2019 Photo by JMA Photography.

These shows use the site as inspiration. The site can reveal historical or contemporary stories often the site itself forms part of the material of the show. Performances may include walkabouts, short static shows and installations which create a durational trail through which the audience can be guided by the performers or left to meander at their leisure.

Small and Medium Static Shows

Outdoor Arts

Bill and Bobby by Stopgap Dance Company

Static shows are crowd gathering performances with narrative and or skills for audiences of around 250. Small and medium scale shows may repeat twice or three times a day.

Large scale and Spectacle shows

Outdoor Arts. What is it?
ZARA by Mind the Gap.

Large scale work includes crowd gathering arena shows that attract audiences of 500+ and are often performed at night using pyrotechnics, lighting, circus rigs, cranes, trucks, etc


Outdoor Arts. What is it?

Museum of the Moon by Luke Jerram UK at Light Night Leeds, 2017. Photo © Leeds Living.

Installations are visual,  sometimes interactive, touring exhibitions that, when installed, the audience can move in and around or view from a chosen location. Installation locations, like site specific work, they can  include work in disused or unusual buildings which are not normally used for arts events, fire/light installations in the landscape and projection mapping on buildings.

Parades and Carnival

Handmade Parade 2017 photo by Darren Fleming.

Often created with communities, parades and carnivals are visual and aural works that move through the streets involving hundreds of people. The parade is sometimes divided into themed sections, allowing a particular community group to work on one section,  and can include live music, sound systems, lanterns, giant puppets, dancing, stilts and colourful costumes.


Musical Botanist by 154 Collective UK.

Intimate work includes work for audiences limited to 50 or under.  These can be short shows that repeat many times during the day, or durational guided walks for 2 hours or more.

Walkabout and Strolling

Land Girls by SWANK UK.

Walkabouts include interactive character work that moves through the streets and between audiences.  This type of work can be improvisational, with performers in roles working off and with and audience and environment.

International Street Theatre Training Schools

Sugla School for Street Theatre Slovenia

Faiar France

The Show Salon Austria

Read more Resources

Needs Analysis

Joint Cultural Needs Assessment

In March 2020 BPH commissioned Anna Franks Consultancy to conduct a Joint Cultural Needs Assessment of the Bradford district.

Year 3 Evaluation Report

“There is a magic about Bradford you rarely find in other places and dreams have room to flourish here.” Creativity Council member
Needs Analysis

Then and Now: A reflection on Bradford’s Joint Cultural Needs Assessment

An update of reflections and considerations on the original JCNA commissioned in March 2020.

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